The Fall of Satan in Ezekiel 28

Last time we saw that Isaiah has nothing to say about the fall of Satan. But how can we deny these explicit words?

A Guardian Cherub of Old Testament Times

A Guardian Cherub of Old Testament Times

You were the seal of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. You were in Eden, the garden of God…You were anointed as a guardian cherub…You were on the holy mount of God…you were blameless in your ways from the day you were created till wickedness was found in you…So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God, and I expelled you…Your heart became proud on account of your beauty…So I threw you to the earth.

The Phoenicians

Ezekiel, like Isaiah, wrote prophecies against various countries, and this one is against the king of Tyre. Tyre was the most prominent of several cities of Phoenicia; today we call the area Lebanon.

The Phoenicians were known for two things. First, they were a sea-faring people who traveled extraordinary distances from Palestine and created colonies all over the Mediterranean. They had important settlements along the coast of North Africa and down the western coast, in Spain, and on many islands that would become part of Italy.

Their most famous colony was Carthage, which became the ruling power of the Mediterranean. In fact, it was the Punic (Phoenician) wars between Rome and Carthage that made Rome into a world power. You may remember Hannibal, who led his army (with elephants) over the Alps to fight the Romans. Throughout more than fifteen years of war, Hannibal won every battle until the battle of the fall of Carthage.

Secondly, the Phoenicians were known as great traders who controlled the Mediterranean trade routes for hundreds of years. Both David and Solomon were buddies with Tyre’s King Hiram, and when Solomon built ships to sail the Gulf of Aqaba Hiram sent experienced sailors to help him in this new venture.

The Phoenician King of Tyre

Ezekiel tells the king of Tyre where he has gone wrong.

In the pride of your heart you say, ‘I am a god; I sit on the throne of a god in the heart of the seas.’ But you are a mere mortal and not a god…By your great skill in trading you have increased your wealth, and because of your wealth your heart has grown proud.

Because you think you are wise, as wise as a god, I am going to bring foreigners against you, the most ruthless of all nations…and you will die a violent death in the heart of the seas. Will you then say, ‘I am a god,’ in the presence of those who kill you? You will be but a mortal, not a god.

Ezekiel continues continues by pointing out the king’s advantage:

Your were the seal of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: carnelian, chrysolite, and emerald, topaz, onyx and jasper, lapis lazuli, turquoise and beryl…You were anointed as a guardian cherub, for so I ordained you.

Before now, the passage clearly described a man; and a man remains in view. The passage does not suddenly and mysteriously begin to address the fallen Satan instead of the king of Tyre; it addresses the king of Tyre throughout.

The reference to Eden is a metaphor that simply underscores the king’s advantage. His kingdom was like a perfect garden—like Eden. Ezekiel refers to the King of Tyre metaphorically as a guardian cherub, which is another allusion to Genesis.

Satan is no Guardian Cherub!

However, those who think this passage refers to Satan in Eden encounter a difficulty in identifying Satan as a ‘guardian cherub’. The cherub of Genesis was not Satan, but another being posted to guard against trespassers. It could not have been Satan.

The king of Tyre should have been a guardian of his privileged empire, but he was not. Ezekiel describes the king’s misuse of his advantaged position:

You were on the holy mount of God; you walked among the fiery stones. You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created till wickedness was found in you. Through your widespread trade you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God, and I expelled you, O guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones.

Your heart became proud on account of your beauty, and you corrupted your wisdom because of your splendor. So I threw you to the earth; I made a spectacle of you before kings. By your many sins and dishonest trade you have desecrated your sanctuaries…I reduced you to ashes on the ground in the sight of all who were watching. All the nations who knew you are appalled at you.

This chapter has nothing to do with an angelic rebellion and its leader. Rather, it describes wickedness related to violence, dishonest trade, and unnamed sins. The king had all the advantages, but his very success led to the haughtiness to say in his heart, ‘I am a god.’ This is the story of a king living in history, not of an angel acting in prehistory.

Why are the passages from Isaiah and Ezekiel so similar if they refer to different people? The tendency toward pride and self-exaltation is a common failing of kings. Neither Isaiah nor Ezekiel has anything to say about the fall of Satan.

Next time we will see if the New Testament provides any support.

Articles in this series:

Is the Fall of Satan a Myth?
The Fall of Satan in Isaiah 14
The Fall of Satan in Ezekiel 28
The Fall of Satan in Revelation 12
The Fall of Satan in the Book of Enoch
Satan in the Old Testament
Was Satan the Serpent in Eden?
Was Satan in the Desert with Jesus?
Does Satan Exist?
Do Demons Exist?

Image via Wikimedia
Your observations and comments are welcome below.
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44 Responses to The Fall of Satan in Ezekiel 28

  1. michaeleeast says:

    I agree with your assessment of this passage entirely.


  2. Pingback: The Fall of Satan in Isaiah 14 | Jesus Without Baggage

  3. Phil Johns says:

    Excellent Tim. Looking forward to the NT installment.


  4. Sabio Lantz says:

    Nicely written. And great timing. See this comment on Scalia’s recent comment
    The author of that blog is brilliant — Ph.D. Anthropology and a law degree.
    So, since Satan is far from universal — who created him. Because it doesn’t not seem universally understood but a unique Christian creation.


    • Thanks for the kind words Sabio! I read the article you suggested, and it is quite interesting. Belief in the existence of Satan is widespread among Christians, to say the least.


    • sheila0405 says:

      “He’s more like an idiot legal savant who works within a particular metaphysical tradition.” Well, the author lost me with that statement. Name calling usually turns me off. I’d like details, too, about other religions, and how they view the sources of good and evil. Lots of statements here about history with no links so we can examine the matter more deeply. I was very disappointed in the article, myself. But I am very interested in what other religions are teaching.


      • Amie Regester says:

        I’m reading this 6 years later and wish we could have a discussion. 🙂 I’m just putting together a study on this at and want to see what you think. Maybe you still have the same email!

        Liked by 1 person

        • jesuswithoutbaggage says:

          Amie, I watched the video you linked and was impressed. I also watched #2 but couldn’t really tell where it was heading. I was unable to find anything in the series beyond that. I notice that you are SDA; generally Adventists would not find most of my views compatible with theirs.

          My email is the same, so you can contact me there if you wish.


  5. sheila0405 says:

    This one I knew. I clearly remember reading this passage in Ezekiel. It was reading through the Bible, and Ezekiel in particular, when I realized that the theology of the Rapture/Left Behind was completely incoherent. That was in 1984, and it took me more than 30 years to finally get to where I am today. I am a Catholic, and we believe in a real Satan, but I am willing to see him as an allegory for the spirit of evil. By the way, are you going to address the book of Job? Satan appears before God to accuse Job of following God only because he has it good. I know that the whole book is just a story, and not literal, but it is interesting that the writer assumes his audience believes in a real Satan. I’m really enjoying having my beliefs challenged on this blog.


    • Sheila, I will talk about Job but it may be in a different series on Satan. I don’t want this one to become too long and boring to people.


    • michaeleeast says:

      You are right when you say that the Book of Job is a story.
      The figure of Satan is used as a kind of literary device.
      The whole of the story revolves around it.
      It was not necessarily meant to be taken literally.


      • I agree Michael. Job is more of a story pondering deep thoughts and providing wisdom. I do not think it is history.


        • Jefferson says:

          I’ve read once where a group of scholars suggested that Job was initially an ancient (Mesopotamian perhaps?) drama/play that delineates certain questions as to why good people suffer. In any case, it’s an interesting book and actually pre-dates Genesis.

          Liked by 1 person

    • Sheila, interesting comment “I am a Catholic, and we believe in a real Satan…” When I was in my Master of Theology program at a Catholic University I had one professor (brilliant Ph.D) who was also a working Catholic Priest and he said on multiple occasions that the idea of a unique being of Satan was ridiculous and he couldnt wait for the church leadership to state it… (to which I agree).


      • sheila0405 says:

        We even have the prayer to St Michael, which asks the archangel to “be defender against the wickedness and snares of the devil”. I’m a convert, so I took on all of what the Church teaches. But, as I said, I am open to taking another look at a real person called Satan. I certainly believe there is real good and real evil in the world, and a real Satan is an easy way to state a source of evil. The fact that human beings, who are inherently good, in my opinion, can sometimes do evil things is a mystery for the ages. It’s so hard to wrap one’s mind around evil when encountering it. Is a belief in a real Satan necessary to obtain eternal life? I’m not so sure.


  6. Phil Johns says:

    Job is a favorite of the Word of Faith cult. ‘That which I feared has come upon me’ in that negative talking and thoughts will become reality. In the distant past I have read Job right through and it felt like a waste of time since there is no satisfying conclusion. It’s actually a rather silly story.


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  8. Now if Ezekiel would have predicted that Hooked on Phonics would become the Phoenicians greatest legacy thousands of years later I would have been impressed 🙂 Again, nice analysis here, seems pretty spot on to me. Keep em coming.


    • Hooked on Phonics! Hilarious! However, some people might think it is a rather Punic joke. I have always wondered if smoking cigarettes is really Carthogenic.


      • Well I figure if you can slide a joke into such a subject covering Ezekiel and Satan you gotta go for it! I had to look up the word “Punic” btw, had no idea what that meant. And wow, Carthogenic! I think we’re creating comedy here that only 5 or 10 people in this world (including us) would find funny! I’ll leave the one about Ezekeil Bread to someone else though 🙂


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  18. Luzsir says:

    Excellent! Finally someone gets it! hahaha

    It’s a great idea to look up the meaning of words to reveal the obvious Truth.

    From the ‘The Living Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language’

    CHERUB: A winged, celestial figure regarded as a guardian of a sacred place and a servant of Almighty God. the second highest order of angels, generally represented as beautiful winged children. A beautiful or innocent PERSON, esp. a child; a person having an innocent face, generally chubby and rosy

    The King of Tyre was a wicked MAN, but as a child he was a beautiful person of pure innocence and had an innocent face.Therefore, Yahweh called him a “an anointed cherub” when addressing him through Ezekiel’s vessel.

    Surely, Once upon a time, the King of Tyre was also an anointed Son of the Most High God, when Father Yahweh created and formed him in the womb of his mother. For at his birth he was a sinless baby that contained a holy spirit given to him by our heavenly Father of Lights.

    For WHOSOEVER (which means all the Sons and daughters of the Most High God) is created and formed in the womb by YAHWEH the Father of Creation, they are in fact born of His own will and divine purpose, therefore, they do not sin at birth, because Yahweh gives all babies in the womb a HOLY SPIRIT.

    An Holy Spirit does not have sin, nor evil, nor can it be a “sinful nature”, because it is HOLY and righteous and perfect and incapable of sin….For the Holy spirit we are given by YAHWEH Almighty God before we exit our mother’s womb, can not possibly contain ” a sinful nature” nor “sin”.

    THAT IS IMPOSSIBLE. And YAHWEH himself will tell you face to face, that that is an impossible thing.

    Is not our body of flesh the temple of the Holy Spirit which we all receive from YAHWEH Almighty God?

    Indeed, an Evil Spirit contains “sinful nature” and “sin”, but We are not created that way. YAHWEH creates His Sons and daughters with a HOLY SPIRIT included in our body of flesh, as He forms us in the womb, so Babies themselves are not born with a sinful nature, nor do they sin as babies.

    Matthew 21:16
    16 And they said to Yahshua, “Do you hear what these ones are saying?” But Yahshua said to them, “Certainly. Have you never read? For out of the mouth of babes and infants, you YAHWEH Almighty God have perfected praise?”

    SATAN can not reach a baby’s mind to convert it, for that is an impossible thing, because babies can not hear the voice of Satan, and they are born perfect and holy, as they PRAISE the Most High God with their tongues with their baby voices. They are sinless, for they contain a HOLY SPIRIT with a sinless nature, not an Evil spirit with a sinful nature.

    SATAN, demons and fallen Angelic Watchers must wait till the baby grows older and is capable of learning sin, before THEY can begin to sculpt the child into a “spiritual wicked seed” by using all forms of tactics to get their wicked agendas and evil job done.

    Thus, babies eventually grow into Toddlers, and little toddler kids begin to learn sin as they observe perpetual sinners which are in their presence and range …. Then suddenly they grow into Teens, and Teens learn to master sin…. Then Teens in turn, grow into Adults, and by this time people have learned to love the lust of their sins and dedicate themselves to spiritually adopt
    “a sinful nature” , thus deliberately converting their holy spirit within their vessel, into an “evil spirit”.

    And then finally,They graduate into the “spiritual children of Satan”, but not physical children of Satan. AND, since the days of their youth, many are focused on adopting Satan as their “spiritual father” as they reject YAHWEH Almighty God and everything righteous, and holy.

    THAT is how Satan gets it done, and how the wicked ones convert boys and girls into the
    “spiritual children of Satan” . Thus, there are children of YAHWEH, and children of Satan scattered across the globe.

    WE are called to destroy the works of Satan and the wicked ones, and to keep the light of Truth intact in this Earth. Amen.

    The King of TYRE, was also a beautiful child/kid of pure perfection and innocence once upon a time, but his “anointed cherub” status ended once he grew up into an evil King, Thus, he was also destroyed after his son’s immediate death, as Yahweh Almighty set the example for all others after them.

    From what I read and realize in EZEKIEL, YAHWEH was sweeping through planet Earth, exacting a measure of Vengeance by killing all wicked Kings and Pharaohs and Rulers that were useless to the kingdom of Almighty God…Yeah, those were Dark times back then.

    See you in the trenches you mighty god Sons and goddess daughters of the Most High God, stay fully Awake and living in the light of Truth. Amen!

    Liked by 1 person

    • jesuswithoutbaggage says:

      Luzir, from you opening sentence: “Excellent! Finally someone gets it!” I thought your comments would be in some sort of agreement with the article. However, what you describe is not at all consistent with the article I wrote.

      You talk a lot about Satan but I don’t believe in the existence of “SATAN, demons and fallen Angelic Watchers”. The whole point of this series of article is that ‘Satan’ is not a ‘fallen angel’ or watcher and that there was no group of ‘fallen angels’.

      I still appreciate your comments, but it appears that we are not in agreement.


    • Jefferson says:

      “YAHWEH the Father of Creation”. Hmmm. I thought the god of creation, at least in Genesis 1, is Elohim, and not YHWH.

      Liked by 1 person

  19. Angie Green says:

    I’m sorry, but you are so far from it. Satan was the one CREATED with gold and jewels and tabrinth and pipes. You need to pay attention to translations for this. Satan is the King of earthly treasure and as such was his fall. He literally loved and revered himself because of his embodiment of lavishness. He was set apart from EVERY other being… Because of his gold and jewel covered form, and his gift of song, as we take notice of his inlaid pipes and tabrel. He even infected earth with his idea that gold and wealth are of infinite value, it’s worth measurable by quantity, the same reason that gold has been the standard of monetary value for millennia. When the Bible makes the assertion that the love of money is the root of all evil, it is well founded. There is absolutely NO need for the translation preface of whether there was intended for there to be an “of” between “all” and “evil”. Lol The argument is based around the idea that other things are more grievous than greed, and that being prosperous is only regarded positively. But with this understanding of the scripture (it literally says he became proud of his beauty (also referred to as merchandise) so he clearly grew an affinity for earthly “value”. No man has ever been called a cherub by the Lord, No one but the angels were in Eden as guardians. His covering were more accurately translated as a cover, or a flowing garment. He was the covered guardian cherub. He has the wealthy elite, the lovers of riches, and the unfaithful commoner all at his feet bearing their eternal light for the same lot that brought by his very own destruction. Hes clever that satan.

    Liked by 1 person

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  21. Chris Chapman says:


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